The Individualism of Open Source

When most people hear about open source software, they think of charity, altruism, and "free stuff." At a deeper level, however, the open source movement is often highly individualistic.
Kushal-sharma

I am a fan of Ayn Rand’s writings, and I deeply admire and follow Objectivism to the extent of my understanding.

I consider rational selfishness to be a great virtue, and anyone who understands its value would scoff at anything that has an altruistic motive.

For this reason, some Ayn Rand fans might disagree with the premise of the open source software movement. That, however, could be a mistake.

What exactly is open source? Open source is a movement started by people who believe that when customers buy software, they should have the actual source code to the software.

This means anyone capable of making changes to the source code and customizing the software to suit their needs, can do so without worrying about whether they’re infringing upon copyright or trademark laws.

It also follows that you are free from mandatory updates and have a choice about whether to use any updates you receive. Unlike some commercial products, once you buy or download open source software, you get the entire software with redistribution rights and not just the “right to use it for a limited time.”

This freedom, coupled with the availability of the source code, is the backbone of open source. This has made it possible for people to incorporate a great number of important changes to the software and make it truly world-class.

This also makes the nature of development in open source community-based, which is the reason why almost all open source software is available free of cost.

The open source movement has developed an intricately balanced, yet surprisingly robust, community for developing software.

However, since open-source software is available free of cost, most people outside the movement — and within it — mistakenly see it as an altruistic undertaking.

Quite a few of them have even forgotten that it is not intended to be free as in "free beer" but free as in “freedom of speech.”

Either way, most of them fail to realize that there is an individualism at its core. And it is this spirit, not altruism, which lies at the heart of the open source movement.

Let us see how.

When I purchase a computer, I do so by paying a lot of money for the hardware. Then I realize that for all the functionality I need on my system, I need to spend at least half as much on the software too. And what’s worse, it’s not a one-time cost; I have to keep updating and re-purchasing the license renewal packages for my system to be up-to-date.

This entire cost could be difficult to maintain for someone like me who doesn’t make commercial use of his computer. So the only way out of this situation is to use software that is available for free.

However, non-profit enterprises are difficult to maintain; after all, you can’t have your cake and eat it too. Well, there is a way out.

The solution does not miraculously make a non-profit enterprise possible but explores other non-monetary areas of profit like obtaining software free of cost, enabling user contributions, making money on advertisements, making money on software support, enhancing skills under the mentoring of senior developers at no cost, etc.

It usually starts with a person or a group of people interested in developing an application. This group announces the start of the project and provides all the details of what they wish to accomplish.

The announcement is also accompanied by an open invitation for anyone to contribute to it.

As a user, this is my opportunity to play my part in supporting open source. When I see such a request, I can start by developing my own code for that application and upload it for the project.

There are other alternate methods of contribution available for users: documentation, monetary support, answering users’ questions on the forums, etc.

The least anyone could do is try out the new product and give back an update on whether it works properly, or if there’s anything else you would like to have added to its functionality.

And when I do any/all of these things, I’m not doing it for any charitable purpose; I’m doing it because I want the software to remain free for my usage.

This is how open source works on an individualistic principle and not an altruistic one. Here, every man’s effort is ultimately driven by a sole purpose: making free software possible.

Any undertaking where you get more than you invest is worth looking at. Open source makes it possible for you to obtain an impressive range of world-class software while there is no compulsion or limit to the amount of contribution you have to make.

Even if you are financially sound and in a position to buy all the software you need, there are many advantages for anyone associated with open source. These include:

  • The fact that your contribution has been accepted for open source means it was worth incorporating in the product. That speaks volumes about your coding or other capabilities, which adds a lot of weight to your resume
  • In the process of contributing to a project, you come in contact with great professionals who mentor you in your undertaking and you end up with more knowledge than you ever anticipated
  • Is there anything more satisfying than seeing your name in the credits of world-class software?
  • Lastly, you get loads of free software that helps you save an enormous amount of money

That was from the perspective of a user. Now let’s look at it from the perspective of a software developer.

In developing software, code is not the only important factor. There are hundreds of other aspects — namely, documentation, installation support, bug reports, testing, add-ons, language translation etc, each of which requires different specialized skills.

Developing something in-house would mean employing people from each of the above areas. In short, spending a lot of money.

It would also mean purchasing other commercial software that I have to use to be able to create my own set of things — for example, I would need an Office suite for documentation.

What if I didn’t have enough money to support this process? I would either have to ask for an investment from a third party or obtain a loan from a bank. This is where open source steps in.

This business model doesn’t need a high initial investment capital. Of course, in return, you might have to provide the software free of cost. It is not mandatory, though, since open source only says that you have to give the source code with the software; it doesn’t have a limit on how much you can charge for it.

However, charging for it would drive away contributors, since they wouldn’t get what they were looking for: software that is free of cost.

Instead, what one could do is to give the product for free and sell its support. Since you’re the one developing it, naturally, you’re the best person to ask for help when one faces a problem with your software.

This helps you save a lot of investment money, earn money by means of support services and advertisements on the site — free software sites always have great traffic, therefore, their advertisement revenues are naturally very high — and the users get their desired software for free.

Besides, when you give out the source code, it only means that the application will be enriched by someone else’s contribution.

Furthermore, if your software is highly scalable and can be used for large deployments, you might even be successful in attracting the support of large corporations who would support your project for a profit motive of their own: obtaining world class software with a total understanding of its development and support. Either way, everyone wins.

The only obligation one man has towards another is to give value for value. Open source helps you do just that. And here’s the best part — it’s easy on your pocket.

Kushal Sharma is an aspiring writer and web developer. He currently works as an online marketing professional for a technical publishing company in India. He is also an editor at The Atlasphere and maintains a personal blog.

9 comments from readers  

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First of all, "Open Source" does not merely mean that the source is available. It also implies a lot of other sticky terms as defined at http://opensource.org.

Rather than criticize a laundry list of points, I'll just make this one: From an economic perspective clearly there is something wrong with Open Source. It results in massive profits (direct and indirect) to huge corporations, at the expense of idealistic individuals who give their work away for free. If one of these individuals makes a name for himself--and that is rare--he'll have the "honor" of being offered a full-time job with a slightly higher pay than average. In other words, all his hard intelligent work means next to nothing.

A proper system would direct profit not to those who didn't create the thing of value, but to those who did, thereby enabling even more creation.
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Outstanding (for me) as I knew little of "open source" as a concept. Via your succinct, clearly written submission I now know much more about the subject.

Thanks!
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Mr. Sharma isn't the first in history to claim a collectivist approach will benefit individuals which then somehow transforms it into an individualistic approach.

We all know where the pavement of good intentions leads and Mr. Sharma's good intentions are no different.

I wouldn't take medications developed under open source methods because of the obvious lack of responsibility it represents. The same thing goes for software.... who in the open source arena takes responsibility for it's failures? At least a for- profit developer has a vested interest in success and performance, and that's worth something.

No matter how Mr. Sharma tries to dress it up it's still the same old evasion used throughout history to persuade individuals they benefit from collectivist ideas which serves their individualistic perspective. I will remind Mr. Sharma that individualism isn't a code word for, or an appeal to individual greed, but claims that you'll get something of value for nothing is.

People shouldn't be asked to give the fruits of their labor away for any reason. History shows us it's never worked and all these failures are blamed on unintended consequences. But The intent is not what defines the value of an idea and it never will be.
Chris D
0 points
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Open source software is fine as long a software developer is not forced to make his/her source code available to users.
Small
Fantastic! I actually just saw Jimmy Wales speak at the Ford Hall Forum, and he barely got to scratch the surface of the seeming contradiction between his personal Objectivist philosophy and the spirit of Wikipedia. Your article was very timely :D

Selfish nerds unite!
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Timothy and Shayne miss the most important point which is that open source development is voluntary and thus cooperative but not collectivist. Developers participate for a variety of reasons including the joy of creation, a sense of community, etc. Profits made by others who follow on involve no coercion or theft. Some of the best open source developers also manage to earn good incomes by providing support and service.

As to the reliability of open source software -- I run Linux and it ** never** crashes. Emacs and TeX, my favorite text applications, never crash either. OpenOffice, which replaces Word and Excel, crashes on rare occasions but recovery is easy. The Gimp is a solid replacement for PhotoShop. There are many other fine OS apps.

Those who want professional support of their OS installation can easily find it in the marketplace, from RedHat and others.

None of this means that closed software is evil (notwithstanding a few nut cases Richard Stallman who say it is). You pays your money (or not) and takes your choice.
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Warren, being voluntary doesn't make something a good thing. People can voluntarily play Russian Roulette, it doesn't make it a laudable practice.

What *would* be a good thing is, as I said, if the developers of great software got paid for the software, rather than having massive benefits go to the companies that paid nothing for the benefit. It just makes no sense economically to have some brilliant developer come along, write something that's great, and then have his efforts scattered to the winds while everyone benefits except him. It's irrelevant whether he did it voluntarily or not. The fact remains: it would be better if he received just economic compensation, better for him and for the "community".

Also, saying that "Open Source" is based on bad philosophy does not say that source produced under that model is bad. People can and do write great software in spite of bad philosophical premises. gcc and emacs are great examples. Linux is my favorite OS (though most of the credit goes to the original--commercial--creators of UNIX. Cloning UNIX is far easier than making it for the first time).
Small
Kushal,

I would begrudge no man who seeks to better the human experience. What a man has earned and chooses to give away in the pursuit of his goals is his own affair but I would say too that the lasting men in history have always held their virtue somewhat closer for a good reason.

Mike
Small
What would you say about the non developers who just use the software for free. Where is the value exchange?
To post comments, please log in first. The Atlasphere is a social networking site for admirers of Ayn Rand's novels, most notably The Fountainhead and Atlas Shrugged. In addition to our online magazine, we offer a member directory and a dating service. If you share our enjoyment of Ayn Rand's novels, please sign up or log in to post comments.